Characteristics, Properties & uses of:

  1. Acetate fibers
  2. Acrylic fibers
  3. Cotton fibers
  4. Hemp fibers
  5. Linen fiber
  6. Microfibers
  7. Mohair fiber
  8. Pla fibers

Characteristics, Properties & uses of Acetate fiber:

Acetate is a manufactured fiber - cellulosic-based, made from wood pulp or cotton linters.

Characteristics:

  1. Luxurious appearance
  2. Crisp or soft hand
  3. Wide range of colors; dyes and prints well
  4. Excellent drapeability and softness
  5. Shrink, moth, and mildew resistant
  6. Low moisture absorbency, relatively fast drying
  7. No pilling problem, little static problem
  8. Most acetate garments require dry cleaning

Major End Uses:

  1. Apparel - Blouses, dresses, linings, special occasion apparels
  2. Home Fashions - Draperies, Upholstery, curtains, bedspreads.

Acetate is a 'dry clean only' fiber. However, again, read the label, because many of the new acetate circular knits, that have been out on the market for the few years, are hand washable. So far, there is no washable woven acetate available in the market place.

Comments:

Acetate takes color extremely well. It is also very soft and drapeable. Acetate has been blended with a variety of other fibers. Experimenting has also been done with different knitting and weaving techniques, which has resulted in the development of a variety of fabrics suitable for many markets. Prior to these developments, the major uses for acetate in apparel were as a liner in coats, jackets, blazers, etc., and as a major fabric in special occasion dresses - acetate velvets, crapes, taffetas, and satin were ideal for this market. Because of these new fabric developments, acetate has been elevated to the designer level with many major designers using acetate in their lines.

Characteristics, Properties & uses of Hemp fiber:

Hemp is a natural fiber

Characteristics:

  1. Three times stronger than cotton
  2. Good abrasion resistance/very durable
  3. Anti-microbial and UV resistance
  4. Naturally resistant to mold, mildew, rot
  5. Readily takes dyes
  6. Softens with each washing, without fiber degradation
  7. Breathable
  8. Washable or dry cleanable
  9. wrinkles easily/poor resiliency
  10. Poor drapeability
  11. Not as soft as other fibers

Major End Uses:

  1. Apparel - suits, dresses, separates, skirts, jackets, pants, blouses, shirts, childrenswear
  2. Home Fashions - curtains, draperies, upholstery, bedspreads, table linens, sheets, dish towels.

Comments:

Eco-friendly hemp can replace most toxic petrochemical products. The highest quality hemp comes from the true hemp plant called Cannabis Sativa. Sisal hemp and manila hemp  (also known as Abaca) are lower quality hemp fibers. Hemp can have a rather harsh hand. Therefore, it is best utilized in blends with other fibers (i.e. cotton, silk, wool, polyester).

Characteristics, Properties & uses of Coton fiber:

Cotton is a natural fiber - Cellulosic

Characteristics:

  1. Comfortable
  2. Soft-hand
  3. Absorbent
  4. Good color retention, prints well
  5. Machine-washable, dry cleanable
  6. Good strength
  7. Drapes well
  8. Easy to handle and sew

Major End Uses:

  1. Apparel - wide range of wearing apparel: blouses, shirts, dresses, childrenswear, activewear, separates, swimwear, suits, jackets, skirts, pants, sweaters, hosiery, neckwear.
  2. Home fashions - curtains, draperies, bedspreads, comforters, throws, sheets, towels, table cloths, table mats, napkins

Characteristics, Properties & uses of Acrylic fiber:

Acrylic is a manufactured fiber

Characteristics:

  1. Light-weight, soft, warm with a wool-like hand
  2. Dyes to bright colors with excellent fastness
  3. Outstanding wickability
  4. Machine washable, quick drying
  5. Resilient; retains shape; resists shrinkage, & wrinkles
  6. Flexible aesthetics for wool-like, cotton-like or blended appearance
  7. Excellent pleat retention
  8. Resistant to moths, oil and chemicals
  9. Superior resistance to sunlight degradation
  10. Static and piling can be a problem

Major End Uses:

  1. Apparel - sweaters, socks, fleece, circular knit apparel, sportswear, childrenswear
  2. Home fashions - blankets, throws, upholstery, awnings, outdoor furniture, rugs/floor coverings

Comments:

Acrylic is a soft drapeable fabric which provides warmth without being heavy. It takes color beautifully. Although acrylic has traditionally been a fall/winter fabric, with a wonderful resemblance to wool, acrylic has recently been used in developing some lightweight circular knits and blends which lend themselves to trans-seasonal dressing as well. Acrylic is comfortable to wear. It feels like wool. yet, it is easy to care and is machine washable or dry cleanable.

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