How to take t-shirt body measurements?
In order to construct garments that fit well, body measurements must be taken with perfection. You can draft original patterns based on these measurements which can be used as the basis of a variety of styles.
If you do not want to take the trouble of drafting your own patterns, you may buy the commercial patterns, but to select the pattern of the correct size and latter to make pattern adjustments to fit out your figure you have to know your own measurements.
The measurements needed will depend on the type and style of garments you are making and the age and sex of the intended user.
Preparation for measuring t-shirts:
To take body measurements, use measuring tape which is Sturdy and will not stretch. The metal end of the tape should be used for vertical measurements and the other end for horizontal and circumference measurements.
The measurements should be taken over a smooth fitting foundation garment and never over bulky garments.
Before taking measurements, tie a cord or string around the waist.
Next, take a 1/4″ wide tape and cast it around your armhole. This will make it easier to measure the width of the shoulders, armscye depth, etc.
Stand erect with the arms hanging straight at the sides while measurements are being made by someone else.
Take snug measurements rather than tight or loose ones.
Hold the tape parallel to the floor for horizontal measurements, and perpendicular to the floor of the vertical measurements.
As the measurements are taken, record them in a notebook.
Let’s look at the important measurements needed for the construction of garments for ladies, children, and men.
The various measurements are to be taken are shown in the following image.
Measure around the fullest part of the bust raising the measuring tape slightly to a level just below the shoulder blades at the back.
Measure snugly around the waist (where you tied the cord) keeping the tape parallel to the floor.
Measure around the neck, passing the tape just above the collar bone in front and along the base of the neck at the back.
Measure from the neck joint to the arm joint along the middle of the shoulder. (A to B in fig)
Front waist length:
Measure down from neck at the highest point of the shoulder (HPS) to waistline through the fullest part of the bust. (A to C)
Shoulder to bust:
Measure down from the highest point of the shoulder to tip of the bust.
Distance between bust points:
Measure in the horizontal direction, the distance between the two bust points. (D to E)
Back width (or across back measurements):
Measure across the back from the armhole to armhole about 3 inches below the base of the neck. (P to Q)
Back waist length: Measure from the base of the neck at the center back to the waistline (R to S).
Armscye depth: Measure from the base of the neck at the center back to a point directly below it and in level with the bottom of the arm where it joins the body. (R to T)
Upper arm circumference: Measure around the fullest part of the arm.
Lower arm: Measure around the arm at the desired level corresponding to the lower edge of the sleeve.
Elbow circumference: Measure around the arm at the elbow.
Wrist: Measure around the wrist.
Sleeve length: For short sleeve length, measure down from the tip of the shoulder at the top of the arm to the desired length of the sleeve (B to F). For elbow length sleeve measure from the top of arm to elbow point (B to G). For full length, bend the elbow slightly and measure down from the top of arm to back of wrist passing the tape over the elbow point (B to H).
Waist: Same as the bodice.
Hip: Measure around the fullest part of the hip horizontally. (About 7 to 9 inches below the waist for an average figure).
Waist to hip: Measure down from the waist at the center back to the fullest part of the hip (S to U).
Skirt length: Measure down from the center back from the waist to the desired length of the skirt (S to V). Length from waist to the floor can be = taken at the same time and the difference between the two are noted. The difference will give the number of inches the skirt is above the floor level.
After taking your measurements, compare them with the sample measurements for ladies garments chart given below.
Any measurements which appear to be too small or exaggerated must be rechecked at once.
Boys and Men’s Measurements:
The following image displays the sample measurements for boys.
The following image displays the sample measurements for Men.
It can be seen that fewer measurements are needed for men’s and boy’s garments than women’s garments and that many measurements are common for both.
Some measurements which have not been mentioned so far are explained below:
T-Shirt Length: It should be measured from the neck at the highest point of shoulder to the desired length along the front.
Pant Length: It is measured from the waist to ankle along the side of the body.
Cuff measurements: It is estimated by measuring the wrist loosely and adding half inch overlap extension to it.
The following image displays the sample measurements for Children.
Till 5 years, measurements are the same for both boys and girls. From 6 to 12 years, the measurements listed in the table are girls measurements.
If you compare this table with the ladies measurement chart, some of the additional measurement are listed here.
Thigh Girth: Measure around the widest part of the thigh. This measurement is useful while stitching children’s short pants, girls bloomers, etc., especially if you are inserting elastic in the thigh part of the garment.
Cervical height: Take the height vertically from the nape of the neck to the ground.
Crotch Length: Measure from the center back waist under the crotch to the center front waist. This measurement is useful for pants, pyjamas, etc.
Frock Length: Measure down from the neck at the highest point of shoulder to the desired length along from the front.
Chest: For children and men, but measurement explained under ladies measurements is referred to as chest measurement.